|ACPM Headlines 12/23/14|
In this Issue
Policy and Practice
Research and Reports
1. ACPM PRIORITIES FARE WELL IN FY15 SPENDING BILL
Despite continued efforts to reduce federal spending, Congress gave a nod to ACPM as it passed its end-of-year FY 2015 omnibus appropriations bill by providing an increase of $2.2 million to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to expand support for preventive medicine residency (PMR) training programs. The bill also allocated $11.3 million to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for continued administration of the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). The $11.3 million is the same amount of funding provided to NVDRS in FY 2014, which more than tripled from prior years’ levels.
2. AMERICA’S HEALTH RANKINGS: OBESITY AND PHYSICAL INACTIVITY UP AGAIN
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released final rules for calorie
labeling on restaurant menus and vending machines. Chain restaurants, including fast food "drive-thrus,”
bakeries, coffee shops, movie theatres, made-to-order foods at grocery stores,
and establishments serving certain alcoholic beverages will have to list
overall calorie and other nutrition information for standard menu items on
their menus and menu boards. Restaurants will be given one year to comply with
this ruling. Vending machine operators
with 20 or more machines will also be required to post calorie information near
each product or its selection button. These operators will have two years to
comply with this ruling. After encouraging improvement last year, America’s Health Rankings found in its 2014 report that obesity and physical inactivity has returned to the steady increase that's marked the rankings in the 25 years since it was first released. Obesity increased 7 percent—29.4 percent of adults are now obese—while physical inactivity increased 3 percent, which means 23.5 percent of U.S. adults did not participate in any physical activity outside of their job in the last 30 days.
3. HOW PREPARED ARE WE? THE NATIONAL HEALTH SECURITY PREPAREDNESS INDEX SAYS…
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), in partnership with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and more than 35 development partners, has released the 2014 National Health Security Preparedness Index™ (NHSPI™), which measures and advances the nation’s readiness to protect people during a health emergency or disaster. The 2014 index grades the U.S. 7.4 on a scale of 10, suggesting that substantial health security preparedness capability exists across the nation, but also that significant work still needs to be done.
4. ACPM SIGNS LETTER CALLING FOR DATA ON SALES OF ANTIBIOTICS FOR USE IN ANIMALS
ACPM joined several partner organizations in public health and medicine on a letter to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) administrator Margaret Hamburg, MD, calling on FDA to “move quickly to 1) release already-collected data on the sales of antibiotics for use in food-producing animals from 2013; 2) make public the FDA’s plans for collecting data on how antibiotics are used on farms; and 3) identify any gaps or barriers to collecting these data.”
ACPM partnered with over 750 leading national, state, tribal, and local organizations urging Congress to extend funding to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visitation (MIECHV) program. States receiving this funding are able to provide evidence-based home visiting services for their children and families.
6. MANY REASONS TO GIVE THIS HOLIDAY SEASON
ACPM Fellow Robert Orford, a recent Your Gift Matters donor, reflects on the importance of donating to charity, and specifically to ACPM: “An important obligation of professionalism is lifelong education, and another is to support others who are progressing through the earlier stages of their careers. Donating to ACPM satisfies part of both professional obligations.”
7. NEW RULES TO BAN SMOKING IN FEDERAL PRISONS
According to a report in The Hill, the federal Bureau of Prisons will soon release new rules that will prohibit smoking in the nation’s federal prisons. According to the Bureau, the rule targets more than 212,000 inmates who will be disciplined if they are caught with cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or any other tobacco products. To assist inmates in quitting, the Bureau offers tobacco cessation programs at all of its facilities.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has released its draft strategic plan for health information technology. The plan aims to: expand adoption of health IT, advance interoperable health information, strengthen health care delivery, advance health and wellbeing of individuals and communities, and advance research, scientific knowledge and innovation. The plan was prepared by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.
10. STUDY EXAMINES SUCCESSFUL PARTNERSHIPS TO IMPROVE COMMUNITY HEALTH
A multi-disciplinary team based at the University of Kentucky College of Public Health, including ACPM past president Douglas Scutchfield, has completed a national study of successful partnerships between hospitals, public health departments, and other stakeholders focused on assessing and improving the health of communities they jointly serve. The study sought to identify highly-successful partnerships, examine those relationships, and ascertain key lessons learned from their collective experiences.
11. CDC REPORT STANDARIZES SEXUAL VIOLENCE SURVEILLANCE TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated a report standardizing sexual violence surveillance terms and data elements. Sexual Violence Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements contains definitions for terms such as sexual violence, intimate partner, terms associated with the consequence of violence, and an extensive list of data elements that can be used in sexual violence surveillance. This information is intended for researchers and public health practitioners to collect better quality data for dissemination to policy makers, victim advocates, service providers, and others who can address this significant public health problem.
Among several physical activities tested, swimming was the only activity associated with a protective effect against falls in older men, according to a four-year Australian study of self-reported fall incidence. Swimming outperformed various sporting activities in the study (golf, calisthenics, lawn bowl, and stationary aerobic exercise). Swimmers also performed better on a postural sway test indicating a potential protective mechanism through superior balance when compared to other study participants. The study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology, can be accessed through the following link: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/180/8/830.abstract.
13. HEALTHY EATING RESEARCH SEEKING PROPOSALS FOR CHILDHOOD OBESITY PREVENTION EFFORTS
Healthy Eating Research, a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), has issued a call for proposals focusing on childhood obesity prevention efforts in retail stores and early care and education facilities. Awards up to $75,000 are available for this 12-month project. Concept papers will be accepted until January 7th.
14. AHRQ OFFERS FREE WORKSHOP AND TOOLS ON SHARED DECISION MAKING
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is offering new tools for health care providers focused on translating patient-centered outcomes research findings on shared decision-making. In addition to online resources, AHRQ is also offering a free train-the-trainer workshop on the SHARE Approach:
The next workshop will occur in St. Louis in January 2015. Providers are encouraged to contact AHRQ if interested in having a workshop in their area.
15. CDC INJURY CENTER RECRUITING DIRECTOR, DIVISION OF VIOLENCE PREVENTION
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Injury Prevention and Control is hiring a Director for the Division of Violence Prevention. The successful applicant will serve as principal advisor to the Injury Center on division activities and develop and implement national, state, or local policies, programs and research studies regarding this significant public health issue. Applicants are expected to have demonstrated experience in one or more public health disciplines and a personal record of significant contributions to the field. Applications are open until January 5th.
16. PCORI AND NIH SEEKING PROPOSALS TO IMPROVE BLOOD PRESSURE IN MINORITIES
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes for Health (NIH) have released a proposal for new patient-centered comparative effectiveness clinical trials on blood pressure. The “Testing Multi-Level Interventions to Improve Blood Pressure Control in Minority Racial/Ethnic, Low Socioeconomic Status, and/or Rural Populations” RFA is designed to compare alternative, evidence-based approaches to reduce hypertension among these high-risk population groups. PCORI and NHLBI expect to fund up to two new projects a total of $23 million over a five-year project period. Proposals will be accepted until February 13th.